Tongariro Alpine Crossing

Tongariro Alpine Crossing - Tongariro National Park

Tongariro Alpine Crossing

Tongariro National Park

91%

1026 Rankers Reviews

990 Face-to-Face

5 Tongariro / National Park Village

Your Nature Guide

Marios Gavalas's avatar

Marios Gavalas

Author And Researcher

Nau mai, haere mai

Nau mai, haere mai

I'm Marios, delivering the best of Aotearoa's nature walks to your device.

I've personally walked hundreds of New Zealand's tracks and spent months in libraries uncovering interesting information on New Zealand/Aotearoa. And you'll find a slice of that research on this page - enjoy!

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Photos

Emerald Lakes
Into the depths of Red Crater - Tongariro Crossing
In the mist: South Crater Mt Tongariro
How's the serenity.....? - Summit, Mt Tongariro
Emerald Lakes - Tongariro Alpine Crossing

Information

19.4 km one-way | 7-8 hours one-way

New Zealand’s most popular one-day walk. And with good reason. Read below for how to get the most out of your day. Rankers has some tips to make a great day greater.

The walk is challenging, so good shoes and lots of water is a must. The walk is in an alpine environment and weather here can change by the minute, each season many people are caught out. See the reviews for evidence of this!

If you are a bit uncertain of taking on this beast on your own, there are plenty of guiding companies that can safely take you over the crossing. Enjoy!

Timing

This is a summer walk only. It is alpine. Too many muppets have put themselves and others in danger by attempting the walk in dubious conditions - so the rules and regulations have steadily been tightened.

DoC will close the track and transport operators will cancel services if there is any likelihood your safety will be compromised.

Leave early. Get on the first shuttle you can. This will help beat the crowds. And the light is better, the temperatures cooler and the cloud less likely to clag in the tops.

If you hate crowds then think again before you walk here in the middle of the high season. It's super busy and you will just be part of a marching ant trail. Attempt the Tongariro Crossing during the week if you want a slightly quieter experience or near the end of the season around March/April when the weather has settled a bit.

Pick a good day and the scenery of Mt Tongariro and it's surroundings are incredible! However there is something mysterious and exciting about this area even if it is overcast.

NOTE - Recent notification from DOC - October 2017

Vehicle crowding at both ends of the Tongariro Alpine Crossing has adversely impacted on people’s enjoyment of this world famous day hike. The Department of Conservation has worked closely with concessionaires and local iwi to improve the experience for all visitors.

People planning to hike the Tongariro Alpine Crossing this summer are urged to use a range of shuttle services from the local towns around Tongariro National Park. The suggestion is being made because parking restrictions will be in place at both road ends of the track and the shuttle services will provide safe and easy access to the popular one-day hike.

Changes this summer season, between Labour Weekend (21st of October 2017) and 30th of April 2018 include a four-hour time-restriction for private vehicles at the Mangatepopo Road end. This gives visitors time to enjoy short walks, but people wanting to do the entire hike, which takes an average of six to eight hours to complete, will need to use shuttle transport.

The Department of Conservation recommends using shuttle services to access the start and to get picked up. The shuttle services operate from Whakapapa, National Park Village, Turangi, Taupo, Ohakune and Raetihi. Shuttles take visitors to the start, at Mangatepopo Road end and pick them at the end of the hike from Ketetahi Road end. Information on all approved operators is available from the i-sites around the region and on the DOC website.

Developing a stronger appreciation of the cultural and environmental values of Tongariro National Park, a dual World Heritage Area is also on the agenda.

Local kaumatua, Te Ngaehe Wanikau, explains; “The mountain peaks and all waterways on Tongariro and his peaks, Ngauruhoe and Ruapehu are sacred to the local hapu Ngati Hikairo Ki Tongariro”

Mr Wanikau asks visitors to the area to keep their own safety and wellbeing paramount and also to respect the sanctity of the maunga tapu (sacred mountains) by not touching or entering any of the waterways, including the alpine lakes.

“Ngati Hikairo ki Tongariro places extreme importance on their guardian role in protecting not only Tongariro and his peaks, but also the safety and wellbeing of visitors to the region,” he says.

The Department of Conservation is removing access signs to the peaks and visitors are asked to stay to the marked and formed tracks. This summer there will be additional toilets in place on the hike and people are encouraged to use them as defecating on the tracks or in the alpine vegetation off track is unacceptable, offensive and a human health hazard.

The Department also reminds people that drones are not allowed be used in the park. Tongariro Alpine Crossing is unique and a special journey, so please leave your drones at home and let other walkers enjoy their experience.

“This summer expect to see more conservation Rangers at the beginning of the track and on the track to share these important messages with our visitors,” says Brent Guy Operations Manager.

Access

From 21st October 2017 to end April 2018, parking restrictions are in place at both road ends. A 4 hour max time limit is enforced. This is because so many people are doing the track and parking facilities are so limited. The area is under developed, fragile and the parking areas are too small and too expensive to upgrade. DoC have therefore decided it is better for walkers to organise a shuttle.

These can be booked and paid for at i-sites in Whakapapa, Turangi, Taupo and Ohakune.

Track

The track is only possible to walk in one-direction from Mangatepopo Valley to the Ketetahi Roadend. This limits people bumping into each other on the narrower sections and avoids clogging.

This is an alpine crossing and you should consult DoC before thinking about walking this track. Avalanche danger, high winds, horizontal rain, not to mention this being an active volcano, are all hazards that are life-threatening if not managed. Don’t be a hero.

The track is varied, with some rocky section, some rough, some boardwalks and plenty of steps.

After climbing gently through the scoria fields of the Mangatepopo Valley, pass the Mangatepopo Hut and Soda Springs. Toilets with camouflaged exteriors are now installed here. You are in a large bowl with volcanic cliffs all around. Bizarre turrets of scoria stand alongside the track, while Ngauruhoe stands sentinel to the right.

A steep, stepped climb known as the Devils Staircase leads to South Crater, always in the shadows on Mt Ngauruhoe. Views back to the plateaux and Ruapehu can be distracting while you pick your footfalls. Last toilets before Ketetahi Shelter.

South Crater is a moonscape. Tongariro to the left, Ngaruhoe to the right. Old lava flows and pyroclastic ejections line the flanks of Ngaruhoe. Blacks, browns and ochres contrast the snow remnants in the hollows.

Another steep section on the side of a shoulder, with chains bolted to the rocks, climbs to Red Crater (1868m), the high point of the track. The 45 minute return detour to Mount Tongariro Summit is discouraged, as the summits of these mountains are sacred to local Maori. Would you tread on an ancestor’s head?

The descent past Emerald Lakes is loose pumice and you are guaranteed to draw blood if you slip over. It’s like walking in slo mo as you moonwalk down. Steaming fumaroles spew sulphurous vapours so you can fart with impunity. Mineral crusts on the rocks and the fluro waters of the Emerald Lakes make this place seem like another world. This is what the planet looks like with an ‘Under Construction’ sign.

Stop to empty your shoes before sidling around Central Crater and the short climb to a traverse alongside Blue Lake. This is the last of the volcanic desert before starting the winding descent past the smoking fumaroles to Ketetahi Shelter.

This dilapidated shack is ripe for renovation and sits with views of Lake Rotoaira, Lake Taupo and more fumaroles around the Ketetahi Hot Springs (closed). Sub alpine vegetation with tussocks, phylloclades, buttercups and pimelia are evidently, hardy to withstand the mineral laden air, cold, wet and occasional eruption. These are the pioneers.

In the forest, the bird calls and streams are a perfect counterpoint to the non-vegetated volcanic tops. There is a section close to the stream, where floods have compromised the track and potential lahar (mud slides) are indicated with warning signs. The track finishes at a shelter by Ketetahi roadend.

Geology

Tongariro National Park covers an area of 79,600 ha. The 3 volcanic peaks of Mount Tongariro (1967m), Mount Ngauruhoe (2287m) and Mount Ruapehu (2797m) stand sentinel at the park’s centre.

Tongariro National Park lies within the Taupo Volcanic Zone and is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire. It is created by the Hikurangi Subduction Zone, a result of tectonic movement, as the Pacific plate slowly shifts underneath the Indo-Australian plate. The volcanoes of the Taupo Volcanic Zone are believed to be less than 500,000 years old.

The Taupo Volcanic Zone or Volcanic Belt extends 240 kilometres from Mount Ruapehu to White Island and also passes through the Rotorua Lakes area. The region is sprinkled with hot springs and geysers, and studded with volcanoes, both active and inactive. Lake Taupo covers a crater of the massive Taupo Volcano, believed to have caused the two biggest super-eruptions ever in New Zealand: The Oruanui Eruption (around 27,000 years ago) and the Hatepe Eruption that dates back to about 180 A.D. Some historians believe the Hatepe Eruption caused vibrant sunsets in parts of China and Europe. The 1886 Mount Tarawera eruption is a recent reminder of the awesome forces still at work, unceasingly reshaping the landscape.

The majority of rocks encountered on the crossing are less than 275,000 years old. Around 12 separate vents have periodically built up the volcanic structures of today. Ngauruhoe is the most recent, having commenced work on her composite cone around 7,000 years ago. Living up to her name of ‘hot rock thrower’, she has successively added layers to her perfect form, the most recent ejection being this decade. Old pyroclastic and lava flows cascade down her sides like flowing robes. This process of alternating layers of lava flows and ash forms stratovolcanoes or composite cones. More than 60 eruptions have occurred since 1839, the last lava flow being in 1954.

Red Crater was formed around 3000 years ago. The striking colour is due to oxidised iron in the rock’s chemical makeup. The dyke visible was an old lava flow.

Ice ages later scoured the Mangatepopo Valley, exposing the basalts and andesites on the cliff faces.

The fumaroles on the descent to Ketetahi are steam being emitted from a crack in the earth's crust. They release gases such as carbon dioxide, sulphur dioxide, hydrogen chloride, and hydrogen sulphide.

Blue Lake and Emerald Lakes are former craters now filled with water. The high concentrations of minerals colours the water.

The Crown Research Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences (GNS) monitors the area with 4 seismographs, 1 microphone, chemical analysis of water and gases, 3 GPS stations, and 3 web cams to spy on the Tongariro area.

Flora

The barren tops of the volcanos harbour little plant life.

Polynesian History

The legend of the vocanoes is tied to Mount Taranaki and the formation of the Whanganui River. Mount Taranaki lost his fight with Mount Tongariro over the beautiful Mount Pihanga. She was clad in a luxuriant forest of green, which made her especially beautiful in the eyes of the barren volcanoes. A battle raged between the two mountains and an age of darkness enveloped the land, as smoke poured from the fuming mountains. Tongariro lost his head in battle, which became Motutaike in Lake Taupo, but eventually defeated Taranaki. With a final venomous kick, which formed Rangitoto Flat between Fanthams Peak and the summit, Taranaki was forced to leave and fled the central North Island towards the setting sun, carving a deep scar as he travelled seaward. Mount Tongariro healed the wound left by Mount Taranaki and formed the Whanganui River, the rocks falling from Mount Taranaki’s sides forming the rapids.

Tongariro National Park was gifted to the people of New Zealand by Chief Te Heuheu Tukino IV in 1887.

One translation of Tongariro means ‘fire carried away by the cold south wind.’

Details

Feature Value Info

Organisation

DOC Central North Island

Central government organisation

Location

North IslandRuapehuTongariro / National Park Village

Categories

  • Walking
  • Free

Operating Times

Notification from DOC - October 2017. People planning to hike the Tongariro Alpine Crossing this summer are urged to use a range of shuttle services from the local towns around Tongariro National Park. The suggestion is being made because parking restrictions will be in place at both road ends of the track and the shuttle services will provide safe and easy access to the popular one-day hike. See full description for further details.

Reviews

  • 1026 Rankers Reviews

    Quick Quotes

    • An excellent walk, with good advice.
    • One word: Excellent!!
    • A very beautiful walk!
    • Excellent sign posted.
    • Amazing crossing!

    Rating Distribution

    Rating Count Percentage
    10/10 499
    49%
    9/10 269
    26%
    8/10 173
    17%
    7/10 56
    5%
    6/10 17
    2%
    5/10 6
    1%
    4/10 3
    0%
    3/10 1
    0%
    2/10 1
    0%
    1/10 1
    0%
  • Reviewed over 4 years ago and experienced in March 2017

    7/10

    Very nice hiking tour, very crowded by tourists.

    Thomas Koch's avatar

    Thomas Koch

    Germany

  • Reviewed over 4 years ago and experienced in March 2017

    8/10

    Beautiful hike but really overcrowded.

    Great views in good weather, quite a diverse landscape.

    Martin Murlik's avatar

    Martin Murlik

    Czech Republic

  • Reviewed over 4 years ago and experienced in March 2017

    10/10

    Absolutely loved this walk - we had perfect conditions and completed in around six hours.

    It was very well signposted throughout and even had toilets!

    Cherie and Dan's avatar

    Cherie and Dan

    England

  • Reviewed over 4 years ago and experienced in March 2017

    9/10

    WOW! Stunning and beautiful environment, amazing views.

    Very challenging climb though, definitely not for beginners. Only critique is the missing marks on the track!

    D Hahn's avatar

    D Hahn

    Germany

  • Reviewed over 4 years ago and experienced in March 2017

    8/10

    We did the Crossing on a cloudy morning which turned into a sunny afternoon.

    It was a pretty tough experience but the views were wonderful and it was worth it.

    Sjoerd Tolsma's avatar

    Sjoerd Tolsma

  • Reviewed over 4 years ago

    8/10

    A beautiful walk from the start up the hill.

    We were happy we had all the day with clear weather. But the descent (path down) after the Blue Lake (which was covered by ice and snow) was long and boring.

    Allain Riepema's avatar

    Allain Riepema

  • Reviewed over 4 years ago

    9/10

    We had very good weather, that was nice.

    Some parts were more difficult to walk, but overall not too hard/tough. Amazing views!

    Jeny Smolders's avatar

    Jeny Smolders

    Netherlands

  • Reviewed over 4 years ago

    10/10

    If you can find a day with good weather, it is worth every step!

    Oscar Petersen's avatar

    Oscar Petersen

    Denmark

  • Reviewed over 4 years ago

    10/10

    Amazing and for free!

    Phil Baker's avatar

    Phil Baker

    United Kingdom

  • Reviewed over 4 years ago

    10/10

    Best one day hike with amazing views!

    Can be cold in the spring. We needed 6hrs, 20 mins.

    Jan Christoph's avatar

    Jan Christoph

    Germany

  • Reviewed almost 5 years ago

    7/10

    This feels tricky after reading some of the other reviews.

    It's certainly an interesting walk, past craters and pools between the volcanoes. And it's got lots of great views. The track is amazingly well maintained with lots (lots!) of wooden steps and boardwalks. That's maybe a big positive but it also means it feels pretty sanitised for much of the way. You're either pleased with that or disappointed. There are quite a few short harder steeper sections near the top. Even on 1 November it was quite busy, especially at the beginning, with the start resembling a small airport drop off zone. Sunny to begin and end, fair amount of cloud around Tongarino at the top but Ngauruhoe was clear with snow on the peak. Cold on top, quite windy, but walking trousers, a couple of base layers and a windproof were fine. I'm reasonably used to walking in the mountains and this took 4 1/2 hours plus stops. If I'm honest then if you're used to doing day mountain walks I'd only recommend this on a sunny day outside the main season. And well worth going exceedingly early (sunrise!) or late, maybe 11 or 12, to avoid the crowds. If, on the other hand you're not used to walking too far or high then as the other reviews tell you this is probably a great challenge. I also used the shuttle with Tracey at nationalparkshuttles.com who was excellent. She insisted on turning up just to meet me at the end even though she should have waited for a bigger group to arrive.

    Bill's avatar

    Bill

    United Kingdom

  • Reviewed almost 5 years ago

    10/10

    Awesome, one of the best things we have done in New Zealand.

    Lizzie Edmonds's avatar

    Lizzie Edmonds

    United Kingdom

  • Reviewed about 5 years ago and experienced in January 2017

    10/10

    Fantastic walk!

    Great views and a lot of variation on the track. Challenging, around 7 hours.

    Tom Koppe's avatar

    Tom Koppe

    Netherlands

  • Reviewed about 5 years ago and experienced in January 2017

    10/10

    Very nice walk with amazing views!

    It took about 7 hours and was quite challenging.

    Henna's avatar

    Henna

    Finland

  • Reviewed about 5 years ago and experienced in January 2017

    8/10

    So nice, but not really enough toilets.

    Martha Setmain's avatar

    Martha Setmain

    Czech Republic

  • Reviewed about 5 years ago and experienced in January 2017

    10/10

    A very nice trip in wonderful, good weather, including a difficult climb to the top.

    Soren Soeholm's avatar

    Soren Soeholm

    Denmark

  • Reviewed about 5 years ago and experienced in January 2017

    10/10

    Best walk ever and we did the mountain too.

    Dorthe Soeholm's avatar

    Dorthe Soeholm

    Denmark

  • Reviewed about 5 years ago and experienced in January 2017

    10/10

    Really hard walk but so worth it.

    Unfortunately, we had bad weather and because of the fog we could not see that much of the amazing landscape. However, it was still a lot of fun.

    Miriam Hacker's avatar

    Miriam Hacker

    Germany

  • Reviewed about 5 years ago and experienced in January 2017

    10/10

    Breathtaking and scenic views.

    It is not easy to walk this walk but it is worth it.

    Michael Bley's avatar

    Michael Bley

    Germany

  • Reviewed about 5 years ago and experienced in January 2017

    10/10

    Worth the 19.4 mile trek for incredible views.

    Sophie Pettler's avatar

    Sophie Pettler

    United Kingdom

DOC Managed

Thanks to all the good people working for the NZ Department of Conservation - for all your hard work - making NZ more beautiful, accessable and healthy! Cheers 😍

Cymen Crick's avatar

Cymen Crick

Rankers Owner